The Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy formally brings together the European Union’s Covenant of Mayors and the Compact of Mayors – the world’s two primary initiatives of cities and local governments – to advance city-level transition to a low emission and climate resilient economy, and to demonstrate the global impact of local action.

EU Covenant of Mayors: Launched by the European Commission in partnership with European Cities networks in 2008 after the adoption of the 2020 EU Climate and Energy Package, the EU Covenant of

EU Covenant of Mayors: Created by the European Commission in 2008 after the adoption of the 2020 EU Climate and Energy Package, the EU Covenant of Mayors puts cities and regions at the forefront of climate action, representing more than 6,800 cities in 57 countries. New signatories pledge to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030, to adopt an integrated approach to tackling mitigation and adaptation to climate change, and to tackle energy access. The EU Covenant of Mayors was funded by the European Commission and operated by the Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR), Climate Alliance, Energy Cities, EUROCITIES the European Federation of Agencies and regions for Energy and ICLEI European Secretariat.  Regional Covenants also expanded into neighboring eastern neighbourhood countries, the southern Mediterranean and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Compact of Mayors: A global coalition of mayors and city officials pledging to reduce local greenhouse gas emissions, enhance resilience to climate change, and to track their progress transparently. The Compact was launched in September of 2014 by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and his Special Envoy for Cities and Climate Change, Michael R. Bloomberg. The Compact was activated under the leadership of the global city networks — C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40), ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI) and the United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) — and with support from UN-Habitat, the UN’s lead agency on urban issues. Commitments made under both initiatives will be folded into the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy.